Just like any other tool, drills come in a wide range of variants, with differing sizes, functions, and power. Therefore, as a DIYer or a professional, you should have extensive knowledge of which types of drills serve your interests the best.\n\n\n\nThere are ample drills out there and they can largely be categorized into four types namely, manual drills, powered drills, heavy-duty drills, pneumatic drills, and specialty drills. Each of these types has varying functions while some of the sub-types may have overlapping functions.\n\n\n\nFret not, however, as our guide below takes a dig into everything that you need to know about the types of drills in the market.\n\n\n\nSo, without further ado, let\u2019s get started!\n\n\n\nManual Drills\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nManual drills were the first type of drills to be introduced in the world. They utilize the circular motion that you create, through your strength, into torque, which in turn, allows you to make the desired holes.\n\n\n\nTheir usage has been reduced dramatically over the years. However, as a DIYer, it can be worth having a manual drill at your disposal for emergency scenarios.\n\n\n\nHere are some of the most common manual drills out there:\n\n\n\nEggbeater Hand Drill\n\n\n\nThe eggbeater hand drill features a driving wheel, which starts to revolve as you rotate the handle. As a result, the drill moves along with the chuck, which in turn, makes the drill bit rotate.\n\n\n\nIt is mainly used for making tiny holes in softer metals and wood.\n\n\n\nBreast Drill\n\n\n\nA breast drill operates quite similarly to an eggbeater hand drill, except for the plate at one of its ends.\n\n\n\nWith your chest pressed against this plate, you can apply additional drilling pressure, thereby, creating holes much easier as well as deeper.\n\n\n\nBrace Drill\n\n\n\nConsisting of a U-shaped spindle in the middle, a brace drill is used primarily for countersinking in woodworking.\n\n\n\nApart from the U-shaped spindle that allows it to produce more torque, it has another spindle at one of its ends, that is used to grasp the drill and put it in position.\n\n\n\nBow\/Fire Drill\n\n\n\nFeaturing a bow, spindle, hearth, and a bearing block, a bow\/fire drill uses friction to produce heat, which in turn, produces an ember in sawdust.\n\n\n\nCrank Drill\n\n\n\nA crank drill is quite handy when it comes to drilling in the harder metals.\n\n\n\nIts sharp, pointed tip elevates its and the high helix angle elevates the cutting ability and efficiency of the tool.\n\n\n\nGimlet\n\n\n\nFeaturing long rotating handles, a gimlet is basically a drill bit that makes use of the force exerted by you to create wide and deep holes.\n\n\n\nTo exert more force, try extending its handles.\n\n\n\nPush Drill\n\n\n\nAlthough smaller in size, a push drill is one of the most robust manual drills, that is adept at high precision work on wood.\n\n\n\nTo rotate its bit, the push drill comes with a spiral ratchet.\n\n\n\nPost Drill\n\n\n\nKept on posts, a post drill can make holes of considerable size and depth in iron.\n\n\n\nTable Drill\n\n\n\nHaving a wide range of purposes, a table drill provides you with a stable surface to drill into the desired materials.\n\n\n\nAgain, due to the reliance of this tool on the strength of the operator, it is not advisable to use it for heavy-duty drilling.\n\n\n\nPowered Drills\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nThe involvement of motors in the powered drills, automatically makes them stronger than manual drills.\n\n\n\nSince the powered drills do not demand any physical exertion from your side, you should opt for them if you are a professional or serious DIYer.\n\n\n\nCordless Drills\n\n\n\nPowered by batteries, cordless drills are the portable versions of powered drills. They are extremely productive since you can use them almost anywhere, whether it is plastic, wood, or metal. You can even use them to fasten into the aforementioned surfaces.\n\n\n\nHowever, it must be kept in mind that cordless drills normally have a restricted runtime and the powerful variants of them are costly.\n\n\n\nTherefore, you should use them when you are either a DIYer or you are a professional working off-grid.\n\n\n\nCorded Drills\n\n\n\nCorded drills are more powerful and light-weighted as compared to their cordless counterparts.\n\n\n\nHowever, the fact that their cords are needed to stay connected to a power outlet at all times, reduces their portability incredibly.\n\n\n\nReversible Drill\n\n\n\nThe reversible drill is so-called because of its ability to rotate either in the clockwise or anticlockwise direction.\n\n\n\nHence, they are most effective in tightening and loosening screws.\n\n\n\nImpact Drill\n\n\n\nThe impact drill is suited to making holes in tougher materials and other heavy-duty applications. This is because of its ability to pound the materials when offered resistance.\n\n\n\nHammer Drill\n\n\n\nThe hammer drill involves a consistent pounding motion and that\u2019s why it is named as such.\n\n\n\nLike the impact drill, the hammer drill is also great at penetrating harder surfaces, including concrete, metal, and wood.\n\n\n\nRotary Hammer Drill\n\n\n\nThe rotary hammer drill is similar to the hammer drill, except that it uses pistons rather than cam plates for speeding up the cam plates.\n\n\n\nUsed mainly in masonry, it also has an additional grip for ease of handling.\n\n\n\nD-Handed Drill\n\n\n\nA D-handed drill again, resembles a hammer drill, except that its trigger is at the back instead of the front. It features a robust motor that allows it to generate consistent speed and power.\n\n\n\nBesides drilling, you can also use a D-handed drill for mixing purposes.\n\n\n\nCombination Drill\n\n\n\nA combination drill is a versatile tool, that can operate both as a hammer drill and an impact drill.\n\n\n\nWhether you need to drill into a soft material or a tougher one, a combination drill can fulfill your requirement.\n\n\n\nMechanic Drill\n\n\n\nLike a Combination drill, a mechanic drill is also quite a versatile version of powered drills.\n\n\n\nHence, you can use it for both light and heavy-duty applications.\n\n\n\nAuger Drill\n\n\n\nIt is a relatively large-sized variant of powered drills that uses long handles to make holes into the ground.\n\n\n\nThis drill comes in two designs, one for an individual and the other for two persons.\n\n\n\nCore Drill\n\n\n\nOne of the rare types of powered drills, if you need to bore holes of several feet, into walls or similar surfaces, a core drill will do the trick for you.\n\n\n\nIt has a secondary grip as well as a safety clutch for better handling and safety purposes respectively.\n\n\n\nHeavy-Duty Drills\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nWhen it comes to heavy-duty drills, drill presses top off the list. Here are some of the most widely used drill presses:\n\n\n\nPortable Drill Press\n\n\n\nA portable drill press also called a benchtop drill press, is ideal for DIYers as well as for some industrial applications.\n\n\n\nAs a drill press, it is a sizeable and powerful option for a drill.\n\n\n\nFloor Drill Press\n\n\n\nA floor drill press is basically the more potent form of a portable drill press.\n\n\n\nIt has the ability to drill deep holes in dense material.\n\n\n\nCNC Drill Press\n\n\n\nIt is a multi-purpose, programmable drill press that is used mainly in mass production factories for making accurate holes.\n\n\n\nApart from drilling and boring, it can mill and turn as well.\n\n\n\nMill Drill\n\n\n\nA mill drill is essentially a heavy-duty drill press with an added feature of milling.\n\n\n\nIt has a large column and an X-Y table. So, apart from boring holes, you can also use this tool for removing material.\n\n\n\nPaper Drill\n\n\n\nAs apparent from its name, you can use a paper drill to make precise holes in paper.\n\n\n\nPneumatic Drills\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nPneumatic drills or jackhammers make use of compressed air to operate.\n\n\n\nTheir exceptional power makes them perfect for use in heavy-duty applications, like breaking pavements. You can also use them in potentially explosive surroundings.\n\n\n\nStraight Air Drill\n\n\n\nFeaturing a compact frame, a straight air drill can be used in tight corners and spaces.\n\n\n\nThe smaller size of a straight air drill makes it a great alternative to powered drills since it can generate more power regardless.\n\n\n\nGun Handle Drill\n\n\n\nA gun handle drill is even more powerful than a straight air drill. Hence, it is ideal for industrial applications.\n\n\n\nSpecialty Drills\n\n\n\nSome of the drills are designed for unique purposes. As such, they can\u2019t be used for any other application. Some of the top examples in this regard are:\n\n\n\nCranial Drill\n\n\n\nA cranial drill pertains to the medical industry, where neurosurgeons use it to drill holes into dense bones, such as the skull.\n\n\n\nSo, if you are not associated with the medical profession, it is highly unlikely that you are going to need this drill.\n\n\n\nDentist Drill\n\n\n\nUsed by dentists, a dentist drill is composed of a cylindrical head, a long handle, and a small bit.\n\n\n\nIt can attain super high speeds of up to 250,000 RPM.\n\n\n\nMini Drill\n\n\n\nA type of hand drill, a mini drill is used for high-precision tasks, such as the making of jewelry.\n\n\n\nAlthough it may sound like that a mini drill is quite complex in nature, in reality, it is pretty convenient to use.\n\n\n\nConclusion\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nSo, there you have it \u2013 a comprehensive guide on the type of drills.\n\n\n\nNow, to choose the right type of drill for your needs, you need to take into account the nature and the scale of the task at hand. To give you a bit of an idea, as a DIYer, if you\u2019ve got a decent budget, a cordless drill is probably your best bet. Otherwise, you can get yourself a manual drill.